Using both electric and internal combustion (IC) trucks have different disadvantages and advantages.
Electric engines need a lot less maintenance, and hence they cost less to maintain during their lifetime. The battery should last five years minimum if the guidelines of the manufacturer for charging and maintenance are followed. Overnight charging costs are usually low. Electric trucks tend to be compact units and highly maneuverable, specially the three-wheel models. Drive, lift, tilt, auxiliary and acceleration speeds are adjustable and could be changed depending on the driver's preferences and the use. Electric trucks are not noisy, and are easier on the environment.
Electric trucks are not best to use during wet conditions. Because of the need for battery recharging, they cannot be utilized continuously. They are not suited to rough terrain. The energy consumption is high on ramp work and continuous high lifts.
IC engine diesel/LPG has the advantage of being best for continuous outdoor application and uneven surfaces. With no need for battery charging, the forklift can be utilized during the evening and overnight. Supply and transport of fuel must be factored into expenses. Initial costs are less than for an electric truck, but long term costs related to fuel and maintenance are higher. IC engines have bigger capacities than electric, but less adaptability. LPG can be used in some indoor applications. IC Engine diesel/LPG produces more noise and higher emissions compared to electric. LPG has lower emissions than diesel.