Warehouse Forklift Types
The kind of multi-purpose machine that can be utilized both indoors and outdoors are forklifts. They could operate on rough terrain and are a common piece of industrial machines found in warehouses or on construction sites. Any warehouse forklift usually just has to be utilized on surfaces which are flat for most of their work scopes.
There are different classes of forklifts. Lower classes of forklifts are used inside warehouses and higher classes are utilized more frequently in outdoor operation and are considered to be sturdier.
Classes of Forklifts
Amongst 7 classes of forklifts, there are 4 types of warehouse forklifts. The classes 5 to 7 normally describe forklifts that are utilized to tow heavy loads or operate outside on rough surfaces. Classes 1 to 3 are great for indoor use because they use electric propulsion. Class 4 forklifts rely on internal combustion power. These kinds of forklifts can be used indoors but due to the fumes they create, are better suited for open air warehouse operation. You will rarely find these models in strictly indoor environments.
Class One Forklifts
Forklifts that belong to Class 1 can be divided into four subcategories or lift codes. The lift codes are described as one, four, five and six. The forklift operator stands up in a lift code 1 forklift. In lift codes 4 through 6, the forklift operator sits down. In order to differentiate between the latter three, lift code 4 forklifts have 3 wheels, while lift code 5 forklifts use cushion tires. Lift code 6 forklifts have pneumatic tires.
A term utilized for Class 2 forklifts is narrow aisle forklifts. These models are operated by a standing rider and utilized in tight spaces. They are perfect for spaces which are very small for a sit-down rider forklift. Class 3 forklifts or electric hand trucks can also fit into tighter spaces. Class 3 operator either walks behind the machine or stands, depending on the particular type of forklift. Lift models are able to lift pallets and loads several feet off of the ground.
Usually, electrical forklifts are used inside warehouses as opposed to IC or internal combustion engine forklifts. There are disadvantages and advantages to electrical models. For start, they are environmentally friendly and can last longer. They cost less to operate and cut down significantly on noise pollution. On the downside, they are more expensive up front, do not function well outdoors in bad weather and nearly all models require charging every 6 hours. For obvious reasons, electrical-powered forklifts are a great alternative for indoor areas and warehouses most of the time.