The town of Strathmore is located within southern Alberta along the Trans-Canada Highway. It is located in Wheatlan County, about 25 miles or 40 kilometres east of Calgary.
In 1883, the town was established as a hamlet for the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) lines that were being built. The name Strathmore comes from the Earl of Strathmore, Claude Bowes-Lyon, who was amongst the towns benefactors. A track laying record was made between Cheadle and Strathmore when the railroad was constructed. Within one hour, one mile (1.6 km) of steel was laid and the rails were laid to Cheadle, 9 miles (14 km) for a record. Efforts by the Canadian government to develop western Canada caused increases in Strathmore's population and its significance as a rail supply stop.
Today, the town is an essential agricultural community. Oil and gas exploration is likewise a growing interest within the region. It is the headquarters of the Golden Hills School Division. Many travel daily from the town of Strathmore to Calgary. During the past three years the town of Strathmore has seen a major growth in commercial development.
The population of the Town of Strathmore according to its 2010 municipal census is 12,139, a 2.5% increase more than its 2009 municipal census population of 11,838. At its present population, Strathmore is amongst the biggest towns within the province and is qualified for city status. Based on Alberta's Municipal Government Act, a town is qualified for city status once it reaches 10,000 inhabitants.
Ever since the year 1966, the town of Strathmore has conducted a yearly fair and "Heritage Days" Rodeo on the long weekend in August. The year 1985 saw the Heritage Days Rodeo turn professional and become sanctioned by the Canadian Professional Rodeo Association. In addition to hosting Pro Rodeo that weekend, the year 1988 saw the addition of the World Professional Chuckwagon Association Finals come to our grounds.
During the 1990's, there was a concerted effort to focus on a change of image to the weekend event. The event began to incorporate a more family theme, incorporating local entertainment stage, children's entertainment, livestock show, craft/bench show, outdoor family entertainment show ring, machinery show, trade show, parade, midway and fireworks. The hosting of these events yearly each August long weekend created a major tourist attraction to the Town of Strathmore and neighboring areas as indicated by its increasing attendance.